Finally, some academic studies have shown that limiting the application of non-compete rules is linked to an increase in patents and business start-ups and that it influences the ability of new companies to attract the best talent38 In a 2011 study, researchers Sampsa Samila and Olav Sorenson examined the data for nine years and found that venture capital funding had a greater positive impact on the number of licensed patents. and has had business start-ups in countries with lower enforcement. Another academic study that looked at the fallout in the sector – companies created by employees in the same sector of the company they are leaving – pointed out, however, that in some cases, strict enforcement of non-compete rules can help mask weaker start-ups. While the study showed that states where non-compete rules were strictly enforced had less impact, the companies created were generally larger and had better survival rates than other types of startups.40 In addition, employers are not allowed to inform workers of the obligation to sign a non-compete clause until they have accepted a job. Such deferred notification limits workers` ability to pursue other employment opportunities that may not meet this requirement, or to negotiate the wages and benefits necessary to compensate for the signing of such an agreement. The Court held that the obligation not to compete was too broad and therefore unenforceable, as the phrase “substantially similar or related” was vague and excluded not only direct competition with Daston, but also the provision of services `related` solely to the services provided by Daston. Therefore, the obligation not to compete was broader than necessary to protect Daston`s legitimate business interest. The court also said Virginia courts will not put “Blue Pencil” agreements in competition, meaning the courts will not modify the agreement so as not to be competitive to be enforceable, and then enforce the amended agreement. This report outlines three concrete solutions that states should adopt to prevent companies from taking advantage of such agreements to suppress competition and workers` wages and instead increase workers` wages and freedoms in the economy: in the Netherlands, prohibitions on competition (non-competing or competing) on issues such as switching to a new employer and the discourse of customers of the old Authorised Enterprise. . . .