11 Steps to IndependenceDeclaration of the Independence Document That Tells the World Why Colonies Should Be Free Influenced by Enlightened Thinkers Close the Declaration of Independence Treasure Hunt with a Partner from 3 Social and Political ChangesGros Awakening of the Years 1740-1760 Religious Movement Resistance to Church Leaders – Establishing a Direct Relationship with the Question of God Religious Authority (Enlightenment – Political King) and P arlament made rules for settlers colonists had few votes If far from Britain the colonists could not elect their rulers in the colony, the British rulers also felt the need to strengthen control of their empire. Although the laws that regulated imperial trade and shipping had been in the books for generations, American settlers were infamous for circumventing these rules. It was even known that they acted with the French during the war that ended recently. From a British perspective, it was right for American settlers to pay their fair share of the cost of their own defense. If additional revenue could also be achieved through stricter control of navigation and trade, so much the better. This is how the British began their attempts to reform the imperial system. 10 Steps to IndependenceThe Largest Continental Congress Seven Delegates from 12 Colonies in Philadelphia Questions Discussed within the Colonies Wrote a Letter to Britain Boycott of British Goods Second Continental Congress May 1775 Did Lexington and Concord Battles continue to work for peace or separate from Britain? Loyalists vs. Patriot 1776 Thomas Paine published a pamphlet entitled Common Sense – grew the call for independence 7 Colonial discontentTax of repayment of war debts Settlers boycotted goods Complete the chronology with a partner 4 French and Indian war colonies increased – settlers moved west 1750 on territory that belonged to France (West) (Seven Years` War) Battles between Great Britain and Fr Ank (with Native Americans) Britain won and took control of the territory at the Mississippi Proclamation Line of 1763 King George forbade settlers to settle in countries won by France Neither the imperial debt problem was the only one british leaders faced after the Seven Years` War. Even with Britain`s acquisition of Canada from France, the prospects for peaceful relations with the Indian tribes were not good. As a result, the British decided to keep an army standing in America. This decision would lead to a large number of problems with the settlers.
In addition, an insurrection on the border with Ohio – the Pontiac Rebellion – led to the proclamation of 1763, prohibiting colonial colonization west of the Allegany Mountains. This too would lead to conflicts with land-hungry settlers and land speculators like George Washington (see map above). When the French and Indian War ended in 1763, no British subject on either side of the Atlantic could foresee future conflicts between the metropolis and its North American colonies. Yet the seeds of these conflicts were planted during and in the aftermath of this war. Remember that the French and Indian War (known in Europe as the Seven Years` War) was a global conflict. Although Britain defeated France and its allies, victory came at great expense. By January 1763, Britain`s public debt stood at more than £122 million [the British currency unit], a colossal sum for the time. Interest on the debt was over £4.4 million a year.
Fig out how to pay the interest alone absorbed the attention of the king and his ministers. 1 Disagreements with Britainchapter 2 Lesson 3 2 Bell Wrestlers Do you generate a list of 5-6 commodities that you think the settlers exported in the 1700s? (Learn the vocabulary quiz when you`re done) Why is this document so important to the American people? In 1764, Parliament passed the Sugar Act, an attempt to increase revenues in the colonies through a tax on molasses. . . .