Given that Regulation 330/2010 of April 20, 2010, which applies to vertical agreements, expires on May 31, 2022, it is necessary to think about what to do from that date. The Commission has just published a 233-day assessment on the basis of which it will decide whether or not to do so (…) Price agreements are often complex and extensive, both in terms of duration and duration. They often evolve over time and can therefore consist of a series of discrete anti-competitive agreements that take different forms and involve different companies throughout the duration of a vast conspiracy. Therefore, the burden of proof on an investigating authority, without the application of the concept of uniform and continuing offence (“CIS”), would be such that it would be responsible for identifying and proving the existence of a number of different anti-competitive agreements and the parties involved in each of those agreements. Dutch supermarkets offer chicken meat that is more sustainable in the absence of anti-competitive agreements – Dutch supermarkets now offer many more chicken meats in which chickens live better. Almost all of the chicken meat currently on offer has been (…) FAS Russia has discovered agreements for 1.5 billion rubles in the coal market- The Commission of FAS Russia has recognized PJSC TGC-2, JSC Arhoblenergo and LLC TEC as a violation of the more legal antimonopoly. Companies have limited competition by entering into agreements between them and (…) This glossary is the list of keywords used by the Search Engine Competitions. Each keyword is automatically updated by the latest EU and national jurisdictions of the e-Competitions bulletin and competition review. The definitions are included in the DG COMP glossary on EU competition policy concepts (© European Union, 2002) and the OECD glossary of competition rules (© OECD, 1993).
According to a press release from the Federal Competition Authority (FCA), the Austrian Court of Cartels ruled on 24 September 2020 that the maker of musical instruments Roland Germany GmbH (“Roland Germany”) has breached competition rules with minimum resale agreements (…) Not all enterprise-to-company agreements are necessarily anti-competitive or prohibited by competition law. In several countries, competition law provides exceptions for certain business-to-business cooperation agreements, which can facilitate efficiency and dynamic changes in the market. For example, enterprise-to-company agreements may be allowed to develop uniform product standards to promote economies of scale, increased product use and the dissemination of technologies. Similarly, companies may be allowed to participate in cooperative research and development (R and D), to exchange statistics or to create joint ventures in order to share risks and pool capital in large industrial projects. However, these exemptions are generally granted on the condition that the agreement or agreement does not form the basis of a fixed-price practice or other anti-competitive practices. This paper examines current developments in competition law in Croatia by examining some of the most important issues in these unprecedented times. One of these concerns the recent decisions of the Croatian Constitutional Court, which overturned several administrative court rulings. (…) Agreements can be concluded in a formal and formal manner and their terms and conditions are expressly recorded by the parties concerned; or may be implicit and their limits are nevertheless understood and respected by conventions between the various members.