Four years ago, the U.S. Free Trade Agreement of Colombia came into force, which is an obligation of trade and prosperity between our two countries. Today, we look at the four years since the U.S.-Colombia trade promotion agreement came into force and analyze what it has meant for trade between our two countries. For any original equipment that would not have passed the customs transfer – if it had not been exempt from origin – to present a certificate of origin or a sworn statement from the manufacturer attesting to its ORIGINAL FTA STATUT. (The manufacturer`s sworn assurances should indicate where the equipment is manufactured and where it comes from under the provisions of the free trade agreement.) Immediate and Gradual Reductions Immediate and Progressive Tariff ReductionsThe list of HTSUS tariff lines that can be processed duty-free immediately and those subject to a gradual reduction in tariffs are contained in Appendix II, Section A, and Section B, of USITC publication 4320. Reducible tariff positions eligible for a COTPA right refer to the ”CO” in the HTSUS Special column. Today, Colombia is the 20th largest merchandise export partner in the United States and the third largest in Latin America after Mexico and Brazil. Find out more about trade data between the United States and Colombia here. In May 2004, the United States began negotiations for a free trade agreement with Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. The United States concluded negotiations with Colombia in February 2006 and the CTPA was signed on November 22, 2006. After the two countries negotiated an amendment protocol on the basis of an agreement between parties on the basis of the ”new trade policy and presentation”, which was signed on 28 June 2007.
On 18 November 2003, the USTR informed the US Congress of the government`s intention to open free trade negotiations with Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, all beneficiaries of the Air Preferences Act (ATPA). Negotiations were scheduled to begin in the second quarter of 2004 and begin with Colombia and Peru. U.S. imports from Colombia have increased significantly since 1996, from $4.27 billion in 1996 to $8.85 billion in 2005, an increase of 107%. The U.S. trade deficit with Colombia was $3.43 billion in 2005.  Since the end of 2006, more than $3.4 billion in Colombian tariffs and tariffs have been charged to U.S. products, which would otherwise have been eliminated by the free trade agreement.  The U.S. International Trade Commission estimates that the agreement would increase U.S. exports to Colombia by $1.1 billion per year.  The agreement between the United States and Colombia (CTPA) (Spanish: Tratado de Libre Comercio between Colombia y Estados Unidos or TLC) is a bilateral free trade agreement between the United States and Colombia.
On November 27, 2006, U.S. Deputy Trade Representative John Veroneau and Colombian Minister of Trade, Industry and Tourism Jorge Humberto Botero were signed. CTPA is a comprehensive agreement that will eliminate tariffs and other barriers to trade in goods and services between the United States and Colombia, including government procurement, investment, telecommunications, e-commerce, intellectual property rights and the protection of labor and the environment The U.S. Congress. The Colombian Congress approved the agreement and an amendment protocol in 2007. The Colombian Constitutional Court completed its review in July 2008 and concluded that the agreement was in accordance with the Colombian Constitution.